Through the justice program, the IIJD addresses the need for systemic institutional change. We place special emphasis on the development of effective institutions and the creation of transparent, independent, reliable and accessible justice systems. The IIJD justice program is designed to develop judicial systems that protect people’s rights, guarantee accountability, ensure transparency and honesty in government and enterprise, and provide confidence and consistency for domestic and foreign investors. The justice program is dedicated to investigating and developing solutions to fundamental institutional weaknesses.
The justice system reform initiative is designed to assist in reforming justice systems and establishing independent judiciaries that foster democratic governance and provide security and protection for all. Where justice systems conform to international standards on civil, economic and political rights and where they are fair, transparent, reliable and accountable, states and their people thrive. Strong justice systems provide the security necessary for business and investment to grow; give citizens the power to challenge their government and leaders; respect individual rights; and support democratic governance. This initiative involves both an assessment phase to evaluate the current state of justice systems and a subsequent reform phase.
Current assessment projects in this program are the African justice system index, which is supported by the justice surveys
Justice System Index
The IIJD has created the Africa Justice Index (AJI) based on several indicators developed in the justice system reform toolkit (the toolkit). The toolkit guides our investigation into the current state of justice systems and helps evaluate the institutions that comprise a justice system: the judiciary, police force, prison system, and the mechanisms of alternative dispute resolution (ADR). The toolkit presents characteristics necessary for a healthy and efficient justice system, such as transparency, accountability, impartiality, efficiency, accessibility, predictability and legitimacy. In addition, the central facet of judicial independence is examined due to its fundamental importance in developing a well-functioning legal system that supports democratic governance and foster sustainable development. These identified qualities of judiciaries, prison systems, police force and ADRs have been translated into carefully developed indicators and parameters that determine to what extent the justice systems we study possess these characteristics.
The Africa Justice Index, in which each country is rated based on the indicators in the toolkit, will be made public through this website.
Justice Surveys Project
To complement the results of research, analysis and assessment of indicators developed in the toolkit, the IIJD has created two comprehensive opinion surveys to gather first-hand perceptions of African justice systems from both Africans on the continent and Africans living abroad.
The African justice survey is a nationwide survey conducted in African countries to measure the opinions and perceptions of Africans concerning the state of their justice systems. The survey is conducted in all regions and among all ethnic, social, religious, professional and political groups. It incorporates the opinions and experiences of people from all strata of society regarding their reflections on justice in their community. The data collected is compiled using leading statistical programs to analyze opinions and data collected.
To further incorporate the voices of Africans into our evaluation of justice systems, we are also conducting the African Diaspora justice survey. This is a survey of Africans living outside of their native country. This survey will provide the prospective of individuals who have gained the privilege of distance in evaluating characteristics of their native country’s justice systems
The international justice initiative supports efforts undertaken under the justice system reform initiative. This initiative seeks to raise awareness on issues relevant to the international community. Global education on international justice issues is a key to raising awareness of breaches of justice and for the promotion of the rule of law around the world. An increased global awareness is instrumental to security for all and for ending impunity for the worse crimes. This initiative works to end impunity and crimes against humanity by conducting studies and evaluations to encourage the effective implementation and development of international justice mechanisms throughout the world. The IIJD promotes and advocates fairness and ethical standards of behavior in all international monetary and trade transactions and international relations.
The goal here is to participate in campaigns aiming to: